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Government of Idaho

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Idaho govt consists of Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branch
Image source: http://www.idaho.gov/
Idaho entered the union as 43rd state on 3rd July 1890. Idaho's constitution, which was adopted in 1889, became effective in 1890 upon statehood [1]. Idaho is a Republican state with three distinct branches that are as follows: the Executive branch (Governor of Alaska and state agencies), the Legislative branch (the House of Representatives and the Senate) and the Judicial branch (Supreme Court and lower courts). The state's chief executive is a governor who holds a term of four years after winning election.

Idaho Executive Branch

The Executive branch comprises of seven elected officers and their various departments. The seven elected officers are Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State controller, Treasurer and Superintendent of public instructions. The various departments include Department of Administration, Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Water Resources, Department of Correction, Department of Labor, Office of the State Board of Education, Department of Finance, Fish and Game Department , Health and Welfare Department, Department of Insurance, Department of Juvenile Corrections, Idaho State Police, Department of Self-Governing Agencies, Idaho State Tax Commission, Department of Transportation, Department of Parks & Recreation, Department of Lands and Department of Environmental Quality.

Governor of Idaho

The Governor of the State of Idaho is the head of the executive branch of Idaho Government. The governor is elected every four years by a plurality. There is no limit to the number of terms that can be served [2]

Contact Details:
700 West Jefferson 2nd floor
Boise, Idaho 83702
(208) 334-2100
(208) 334-2175

Office of Governor of Idaho

Lieutenant Governor of Idaho

Lieutenant Governor acts as Governor when the Governor is out of the state. In addition, the Lieutenant performs duties, which the governor may consider necessary for the good of the state, which includes serving as the Governor's chief appointment officer and commissions and councils. For Idaho, there is no limit to the number of terms a Lieutenant Governor may serve. On 6th January 2009 [3].

Contact Details:
Office of the Lieutenant Governor
State Capitol Building
Boise, Idaho 83720-0057
(208) 334-2200

Office of Lieutenant Governor of Idaho

Idaho Legislative Branch

The Idaho State Legislative branch comprises of two senates: the upper Idaho State Senate and the lower Idaho House of Representatives. The Idaho Senate has 35 members representing each district. The Idaho House of Representatives consists of 70 members who serves two-year terms and two representatives are nominated from each districts. The legislature meets in the Idaho State Capitol, which is located in Boise.

House of Representatives- The lower chamber of the Idaho State Legislature is the Idaho House of Representatives. It consists of 70 members who serves two-year terms. The schedule of the House is 11:00 o'clock in the forenoon and Speaker takes the Chair at the time to which the House stands adjourned. View the list of members here.

Senate- The upper house in the Idaho Legislature is the Idaho State Senate and it meets at the State Capitol based in Boise. It has 35 members representing each district. The senators serve two-year terms and are not subject to term limits.The President of the Senate is the Lieutenant Governor and he/she can vote only when the Senate is equally divided. View the list of Senates here.

Idaho Judicial Branch

The Idaho judiciary consists of three levels of courts
Image source: http://www.isc.idaho.gov/
The Idaho judiciary consists of three levels of courts: the Trial Courts which is known as “District Courts” and include the Magistrate Division, the Court of Appeals and the highest court in the State which is known as ‘’Supreme Court’’.

Idaho Supreme Court

The court system of Idaho is efficiently managed by the Idaho Supreme Court. The court is responsible to make effective rules and policies for the appropriate working of the entire court system. The Chief Justice and four Associate Justices makes the final decisions in the matter of the District Court. The Supreme Court take appeals from decisions of the district courts as well as from the Industrial Commission and of the Public Utilities Commission. It has main authority to take cases against the state and to issue writs of mandamus, review, habeas corpus and prohibition.There are five justices at present. To know about the complete members of the Supreme Court click here.

Contact Details
451 West State Street, Boise
ID 83702, United States
Phone: 1 208-334-2210

Idaho Court of Appeals

The court comprises of a Chief Judge and three Associate Judges. The Court of Appeals take cases allotted to it by the Idaho Supreme Court. Although Supreme Court can review the decision taken by the Court of Appeals. In most cases, verdicts of the Court of Appeals are final. To view the list of all the members of Court of Appeals click here.

District Courts

The state of Idaho consists of seven judicial districts and Administrative District Judge hears the cases. In district Court, Judges are selected by the other district judges in the district and a Trial Court Administrator (TCA). District courts and district court judges takes cases over civil and criminal cases. District Judges also reviews cases from the Magistrate Division. In the District Courts, judges handles serious criminal cases which are punishable by a fine or by the death penalty, as well as civil cases when the money amount involved is over certain amount.
  • First Judicial District Counties: Kootenai, Bonner, Benewah, Boundary
  • Second Judicial District: Nez Perce, Lewis, Idaho, Clearwater, Latah
  • Third Judicial District:Counties: Washington, Payette, Gem ,Canyon, Adams, Owyhee
  • Fourth Judicial District: Valley, Boise, Ada, Elmore
  • Fifth Judicial District: Twin Falls, Minidoka, Jerome, Cassia, Camas, Blaine, Gooding, Lincoln
  • Sixth Judicial District: Power, Oneida, Caribou, Bear, Bannock, Lake, Franklin
  • Seventh Judicial District: Bingham,Teton, Jefferson, Custer, Clark, Bonneville, Butte, Fremont, LemhiMadison
Magistrate Division

Every county has one Magistrate Judge and for larger county there are more than one Magistrate Judge to hear cases in timely manner. Magistrate judges handle all original small claims disputes. These courts handles civil as well as criminal cases. Criminal cases which are punishable by a fine or imprisonment in the county jail and civil cases where the amount of money is less than a specified amount. Most often cases are of traffic citations.

State Agencies of Idaho

Idaho Department of Administration

The Department of Administration works effectively for citizens, Idaho state agencies and businesses. It works toward new innovations by providing them technologies and significantly promotes them. It manages operating cost for state government and provide them a better solution.

Contact Details
650 W State St., Room 100
P.O. Box 83720
Boise, ID 83720-0003
Phone: 208.332.1824
Fax: 208.334.2307

Department of Agriculture

The department of agriculture manages all the agricultural industries
Image source: http://www.agri.idaho.gov/
The Department of agriculture manages all the agricultural industries. It promotes environmental safety by creating awareness and by implementing various programs such as crop residue disposal , smoke management, ground-water quality check, pesticide management and so on. It provide security, safety and financial security within the agricultural industry. It exercises field check every year on a huge range of crops.

Contact Details
2270 Old Penitentiary Road
Boise, Idaho 83712
Phone 208-332-8500
Fax 208-334-2170

Idaho State Department of Education

The Idaho State Department of Education works toward the vision, mission and goals of the State of Idaho education.
Image source: http://www.sde.idaho.gov/
It consists of the Idaho State Board of Education, a policy-making body, which makes and implements all policies for all public education in Idaho.

Contact Details
Idaho State Department of Education
650 West State Street
Boise, Idaho 83720-0027
P: (208) 332-6800
F: (208) 334-2228
E: infosuperintendent@sde.idaho.gov

Idaho Department of Health and Welfare

It is responsible to monitor the health of the Idahoans
Image source: http://www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/
The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare is also known as IDHW. It is responsible to monitor the health of the Idahoans and to implement necessary measures for the better health of people of Idaho and countless visitors to the state.

Contact Details
Caldwell Office
3402 Franklin Rd
Caldwell, Idaho 83605
1-800-356-9868 or 334-2479

Idaho State Police

The Idaho State Police works significantly to promotes safety of public and enhances the quality of life by creating a sense of security. It has four departments which comprises of Administration, Forensic Services, Internal Investigation and Operations.

The Idaho state Police works significantly to promotes safety of publi
Image source: https://www.isp.idaho.gov/
Contact Details
Idaho State Police Headquarters
700 S. Stratford Drive
Meridian, ID 83642

Idaho State Tax Commission

The Idaho State Tax Commission is responsible for implementing Idaho’s tax laws and create awareness among people about their roles in the state's tax system. It works toward the state's tax laws in a timely, fair and cost-effective for the betterment of all citizen of Idaho.

Contact Details
800 E. Park Blvd
Plaza IV, Boise
ID 83712-7742

Idaho Department of Transportation

The Department of Transportation works toward the transportation system of Idaho.
Image source: http://itd.idaho.gov/
The Department of Transportation works toward the transportation system of Idaho. Department of Transportation manages the safety of bridges, roads,airports, railways and seaports. Idaho transportation system includes roadway, airways, railways, sea, bus transit, spaceports, and bicycle and pedestrian facilities.

Contact Details
3311 W. State Street • P.O. Box 7129
Boise, ID 83707-1129
(208) 334-8000


  1. Idaho Statehood
  2. Governor
  3. Lt Governor
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